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17 Sustainable Development Goals for A Compassionate Tomorrow

Sustainable development goals are all about a set of policies and targets for ensuring sustainable progress in all spheres of life. These goalswere embraced by the United Nations in 2015 as a universal buzz to action to end poverty, safeguard the planet, and ensure that by 2030, all individuals will enjoy peace and fortune.

The 17 Sustainable development goals are intermixed—they recognize that action in one sphere will affect outcomes in others and that evolution must balance social, economic as well as environmental sustainability. Countries have devoted themselves to prioritising advancement for those who are furthest behind. The sustainable development goals are developed to end poverty and achieve zero hunger, AIDS, and discrimination against women and girls.

Meaning of Sustainable Development Goals 

Sustainable development goals refer to a set of global goals established by the UN General Assembly in 2015 as a significant part of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. The 17 SDGs are formulated to address diverse global challenges such as environmental degradation, inequality, poverty, climate change, justice, and peace. These sustainable development goals mainly revolve around a common blueprint for peace and prosperity of folks and the planet, now and into the future. 

The SDGs aim to accomplish three key components of sustainable development such as social inclusion, economic growth, and environmental protection. The sustainable development goals provide specific targets as well as indicators in order to measure progress toward a more sustainable ecosystem in the world.

Sustainable Development Goal 1: No Poverty

Sustainable development goal 1: no poverty revolves around ending poverty in all its forms everywhere. The goal aims to make sure that all men and women, especially those who belong to poor and vulnerable communities, will have equal rights to economic resources, access to basic services, ownership and control over land and different forms of property, natural resources, inheritance, modern technology, and financial services like microfinance by 2030. 

The sustainable development goals targets the eradication of extreme poverty, making sure that everyone, irrespective of their location or background, has the opportunity to live a life free from the web of poverty. Numerous programs and initiatives worldwide are working towards achieving this goal by implementing policies that give wings to economic growth, social protection, and equal access to resources. 

Eradicating poverty in all its forms stays to be one of the most significant challenges facing humanity. While the number of individuals living in extreme poverty declined by more than half between 1990 and 2015, too many are still struggling for the most significant basic human needs.

As of 2015, around 736 million people still live on less than US$1.90 a day; there are many individuals who lack food, clean drinking water and sanitation. Consistent growth in nations such as China & India has lifted millions out of poverty, but we can say that progress has been uneven. Women are more likely to be financially weaker than men because they have less paid work, lack of education & own less property.

Progress and advancement have also been limited in other regions, such as South Asia & sub-Saharan Africa, which account for nearly 80% of those living in extreme poverty-like conditions. New threats carried on by climate change, battle, and food insecurity mean even more work is necessary to bring people out of the darkness and poverty.

The SDGs are a bold commitment to reach the pinnacle of accomplishment and end poverty in diverse forms and dimensions by 2030. It clearly involves targeting the most vulnerable, increasing basic resources as well as services, and empowering communities affected by conflict as well as climate-related disasters.

Facts and Figures

  • 736 million people still reside in extreme poverty. 
  • 10% of the world’s population dwell in extreme poverty, down from 36% in 1990. 
  • About 1.3 billion people reside in multidimensional poverty. 

Sustainable Development Goal 1: Targets 

  • Eliminate extreme poverty for all folks everywhere by 2030, presently measured as folks living on less than $1.25 a day.
  • Lessen at least by half the proportion of men, women & children of all ages living in poverty in all its proportions by 2030 as per the national definitions.
  • Implement nationally relevant and appropriate social protection systems along with the measures for all, entailing floors, and by 2030, accomplish substantial coverage of people experiencing poverty as well as the vulnerable.
  • By 2030, make sure that all men and women, in distinct the poverty-stricken ones and the vulnerable, have equal rights to basic services as well as access to economic resources, ownership as well as control over land and diverse forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, relevant new technology along with financial services, including microfinance.
  • Build the resilience of the underprivileged ones and those in vulnerable circumstances and lessen their exposure and vulnerability to climate-associated extreme events as well as other social, economic, and environmental shocks as well as disasters by 2030.
  • Ensure substantial mobilization of resources from a wide variety of sources, entailing enhanced development cooperation, in order to render adequate and predictable means for developing nations, in particular least developed nations, to implement programmes and strategic policies to leave no room for poverty in all its dimensions.
  • Create sound and robust policy frameworks at the regional, national, and international levels on the basis of pro-poor and gender-sensitive development tactics to sustain accelerated investment in poverty eradication movements.

Sustainable Development Goal 2: Achieve Zero Hunger 

Sustainable Development Goal 2 is concerned with the creation of a world free of hunger by 2030. The global matter of hunger as well as food insecurity have jointly witnessed an alarming rise since 2015, a trend aggravated by a mix of factors such as the pandemic, climate change, conflict, and deepening inequalities.

Approximately 735 million people, or we can say 9.2% of the world’s population, found themselves trapped in the well of chronic hunger by 2022. It was indeed a staggering rise in comparison with the data of 2019. This data clearly indicates the severity of the situation on a global index. 

Besides this, around 2.4 billion people encountered moderate to severe food insecurity in 2022. All this happened due to a lack of access to sufficient sources of nourishment and well-being. This number escalated by an alarming 391 million individuals compared to 2019. 

The consistent surge in food insecurity and hunger inflamed by a complex interplay of factors pulls quick and urgent attention and coordinated global human efforts to alleviate this critical challenge. 

Malnutrition and extreme hunger emerged as the key barriers to sustainable development & formed a trap from which folks cannot escape easily. A significant section of the population exists in the world that encompasses less productive individuals who are more likely to get attacked by the disease and, thus, often not able to improve their livelihoods. 

Around 2 billion individuals in the world don’t have regular and consistent access to safe, hygienic, and sufficient food. Around 148 million children had stunted growth, and near about 45 million children under the age bracket of 5 were affected by wasting in 2022. 

How many People are Hungry?

It is anticipated that more than 600 million people around the world will be facing hunger in 2030, underlining the enormous challenge of reaching the zero-hunger target.

People undergoing moderate food insecurity are generally unable to eat a healthy as well as balanced diet regularly because of low income or other resource constraints.

10 Reasons why there are so many Hungry People in the World

Given below are some significant reasons why there are so many hungry people worldwide-

Food Waste 

Due to the wastage of food at different stages of the supply chain, from the point of production to the point of consumption, scarcity arises for those who are in need. Furthermore, people very often throw food when they experience a sense of fullness. Instead of throwing food and overeating, we must donate food to the underprivileged, hungry souls. 

Limited Agricultural Resources 

Many regions lack fertile land of supreme quality, water, and resources required for boosting agricultural productivity, making it challenging to grow nutritious food of high quality. 

Crop Failures 

Crop diseases, wrong and poor agricultural practices, and pests can eventually lead to crop failures, minimizing the scope of available food supply. 

Gender Inequality 

In several societies, women have less or limited access to resources and education. It impacts their capacities to enhance agricultural practices and feed their family members. 

High Food Prices 

Inflation and market speculation usually lead to high food prices in the market. It increases the difficulty for low-income families, and they face issues in affording nutritious meals. 

Lack of Storage Facilities 

Due to inadequate storage facilities, post-harvest loss takes place. It reduces the amount of food available for human consumption.  

Overpopulation

Rapid population growth puts pressure on available resources. Thus, managing food for everyone, especially in densely population regions, is a massive challenge. 

Lack of Social Safety Nets 

The absence of social safety nets such as food assistance programs and unemployment benefits usher vulnerable populations on the path of scarcity during hours of need. 

Inadequate Infrastructure 

Due to inefficient transportation systems and poor roads, there is a form of restriction in the path of movement of food from farms to market, eventually leading to shortages in different areas. 

Limited Access to Education

Due to a lack of meaningful education, people face difficulty in securing good jobs and uplifting their economic status. It affects their capability to afford food. 

Addressing these challenges demands a combination of investment in infrastructure and agriculture, international cooperation, poverty alleviation activities, education, and eco-sustainable practices. Solving world hunger is a complex activity that demands holistic and persistent efforts.  

Facts and Figures

  • The number of undernourished people touched the mark of 821 million in 2017. 
  • Asia accounted for near about two-thirds, 63% of the world’s hungry ones. 
  • More than 1 in a group of 8 adults is obese. 
  • Around 151 million children under the age of 5, 22%, were still stunted in 2017.
  • 26% of workers are employed in the domain of agriculture. 
  • 1 in 3 women that belong to the reproductive phase is anaemic. 

Sustainable Development Goals 2: Targets 

  • By 2030, close the door for all forms of malnutrition, entailing achieving, by 2025, the internationally consented targets on stunting & wasting in children under five years of age. Furthermore, it addresses the nutritional requirements of adolescent girls, pregnant & lactating women and senior citizens.
  • Double the agricultural productivity and maximize the incomes of small-scale food producers by 2030, in distinct women, indigenous folks, family farmers, pastoralists as well as fishers, entailing through secure and equivalent access to land, other constructive resources and inputs, financial services, knowledge, markets and opportunities for value addition along with non-farm employment.
  • Ensure sustainable food production techniques and implement resilient agricultural approaches that boost productivity and production by 2030, help conserve ecosystems, strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, harsh weather, drought, flooding and other forms of disasters and progressively enhance land and soil quality.
  • Maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, produced plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their associated wild species, entailing through soundly operated and diversified seed and plant banks at the regional, national and international levels, and encourage access to and fair and equitable sharing of merits arising from the utilization of genetic aids and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally approved.
  • Increase investment, entailing through enriched international cooperation, in agricultural research, rural infrastructure and extension services, technology evolution and plant and livestock gene banks to improve agricultural productive capacity in developing nations, in precise, least developed nations. At Hindrise Foundation, we are empowering agritech startups.
  • Prevent trade constraints and distortions in global agricultural markets, entailing through the parallel elimination of diverse forms of agricultural export-based subsidies as well as all export measures with equivalent outcomes, following the mandate of the Doha Development Round.
  • Embrace the right measures to ensure the accurate functioning of food commodity markets as well as their derivatives and foster timely access to market knowledge, comprising of food reserves, in order to help restrain extreme food price volatility.

Sustainable Development Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives & Encourage well-being for all at all ages

Sustainable Development Goal 3

Sustainable development goal 3 aims to accomplish universal health coverage and fair & equitable access to the right healthcare services for all men and women. It proposes to put a full stop to the preventable death of infants, newborns, and children under the age bracket of five and end epidemics. 

Good health and well-being are essential to consistent, sustainable development and the 2030 agenda. It revolves around broader social and economic inequalities, climate crisis, urbanization, and the burden of HIV as well as other infectious diseases, while without forgetting challenges such as non-communicable diseases. Considering the aftermath of the COVID-19 Pandemic, it’s essential to give substantial attention to the realization of sound health and well-being on a global level. 

Facts and Figures

  • Around 400 million people are deprived of healthcare facilities and 40% lack social protection. 
  • More than 1.6 billion individuals reside in fragile environments where basic health services are not delivered due to weak national capacity. 
  • More than 15 million people are deprived of HIV treatment. 
  • Every 2 seconds, someone from the age bracket of 30 to 70 years dies prematurely due to non-communicable diseases such as chronic respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease, cancer or diabetes. 
  • Every year, 7 million people die due to exposure to fine particles in polluted air. 
  • 1 in 3 women have encountered either sexual or physical violence at any point in their life, leading to short-term and long-term consequences for their mental, physical, sexual, and reproductive health. 

Sustainable Development Goal 3: Targets 

  • Restrict the global maternal mortality ratio and reduce it to less than 70 per 100,000 actual live births by 2030. 
  • End preventable deaths of newborns as well as children under 5 years of age by 2030, with all nations aiming to bring down the volume of neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births. Also, it intends to reduce the volume of under-5 mortality to at least quoted as low as 25 per 1,000 live births. 
  • End the epidemics of AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and neglected tropical diseases and fight hepatitis, water-borne diseases, along with other communicable diseases by 2030. 
  • Reduce by one-third sudden mortality from non-communicable diseases through deterrence and treatment and encourage mental health and well-being by 2030
  • Strengthen the prevention and remedy of substance abuse, entailing narcotic drug abuse and destructive use of alcohol.
  • Ensure a universal ticket to sexual & reproductive healthcare services by 2030, encompassing family planning, information and meaningful education, and the integration of reproductive health into national approaches and programmes.
  • Substantially lessen the number of deaths as well as illnesses from unsafe chemicals and air, water & soil pollution and contamination by 2030. 
  • Accomplish universal health coverage, entailing financial risk protection, access to quality elementary health-care services and access to safe, adequate, quality and reasonable essential medicines and vaccines for all
  • Strengthen the enactment of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all nations as appropriate.
  • Support the R & D of medicines and vaccines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that mainly affect developing nations, and provide access to affordable basic medicines and vaccines, in conformity with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement & Public Health, which demonstrates the right of developing nations to use to the full the conditions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Elements of Intellectual Property Rights concerning flexibilities to safeguard public health, and, in distinct, provide access to medicines for all.
  • Strengthen the capacity of all nations, particularly developing countries, for early sign, risk reduction and surveillance of national and global health risks.

Sustainable Development Goal 4: Ensure inclusive as well as equitable and meaningful, quality education & promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

Sustainable development goal 4 is related to quality education. SDG 4 aims to provide children, as well as young individuals, with quality and easy access to meaningful education plus other learning possibilities. One of its significant targets is to accomplish universal literacy and numeracy. A major element in acquiring knowledge & valuable skills in the learning and evolving environment. Hence, there is an urgent requirement to construct more educational facilities and heighten the present ones to provide secure, inclusive, and efficacious learning environments for one and all.

Education liberates the intellect, opens the door of imagination and is essential for self-respect. It is the key to fortune and ushering people on the path of opportunities, making it practically possible for each of us to contribute substantially to a progressive, healthy community. Learning benefits every human being and must be available to all. 

Facts and Figures 

  • Progress towards quality and meaningful education was already slower than needed before the pandemic, but COVID-19 has had devastating impacts on the educational structure, causing learning losses in four out of five of the 104 nations studied.
  • Without further measures, only one in six countries will accomplish the universal secondary school completion target by 2030, and a predicted 84 million children and young people will still be out of school. Furthermore, approximately 300 million students will lack the basic requirements and literacy skills necessary for triumph in life. Skill development is the need of the hour.
  • To accomplish national Goal 4 benchmarks, which are consolidated in ambition compared with the authentic Goal 4 targets, 79 low- and lower-middle-income countries still face an average annual financing gap of around $97 billion.
  • To deliver on Goal 4, education financing should become a national investment priority. Moreover, measures such as making education free as well as compulsory, increasing the number of good teachers, improving basic school infrastructure and adopting digital transformation are essential.

Sustainable Development Goal 4: Target

  • Ensure that all boys and girls get complete access to quality primary as well as secondary education by 2030, leading to effective learning outcomes. 
  • Ensure that all boys and girls get complete access to quality early childhood development, timely routine care, and pre-primary education by 2030 so that they can gear up for primary education. 
  • Ensure equal access for all women and men to authentic, affordable and top-quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, entailing university. 
  • By 2030, increase the number of folks with relevant skills for financial progress and accomplishments.
  • Eliminate gender disparities in education and guarantee equal access to all levels of education as well as vocational training for the vulnerable, less fortunate ones, including individuals with disabilities, indigenous folks and children in vulnerable situations by 2030. 
  • Ensure that all youth and a considerable proportion of adults, both men and women, acquire literacy and numeracy by 2030. 
  • By 2030, ensure that all learners cultivate the knowledge and skills required to encourage sustainable development, entailing, among others, through education for sustainable development, growth and sustainable lifestyles, gender equality, human rights, promotion of a culture of peace, brotherhood & non-violence, global citizenship and recognition of cultural diversity and culture’s contribution to sustainable development
  • By 2030, substantially boost the supply of qualified teachers, entailing international cooperation for teacher training programs in developing countries, especially least developed nations and small island developing States.

Sustainable Development Goal 5: Achieve Gender Equality in all Forms and Empower All Women and Girls

Sustainable development goal 5 is concerned with fostering equal rights to property ownership, economic resources, and financial services for women. It revolves around promoting the empowerment of women with the help of technology. Furthermore, it is all about strengthening policies for gender equality.

Gender bias is sabotaging our social fabric and is devaluing all of us. It is not considered just a human rights issue; it is a monumental waste of the world’s human prospects. By forbidding women equal rights, we deny half the population an opportunity to live life at its fullest. Economic, political and social equality for women will aid all the world’s citizens. We can eliminate prejudice and work for equal privileges and respect for all.

Facts and Figures 

  • In several areas, progress has been deemed too slow. At the current pace, it will take approximately 300 years to end child marriage, nearly 286 years to close gaps in legal protection and eradicate discriminatory laws, and around 140 years for women to be depicted equally in positions of significant power and leadership in the workplace, and 47 years to accomplish equal representation in national parliaments.
  • Political leadership, substantial investments and robust policy reforms are required to dismantle systemic barriers to accomplishing Goal 5. 
  • Nearly 2.4 billion women of working age are not getting equal economic opportunity. 
  • In 2019, one in a group of five women aged 20-24 years were married before the age of 18.

Sustainable Development Goal 5: Target

  • End every form of discrimination against all girls and women everywhere.
  • Eliminate different forms of violence against all women and girls in the private and public realms, including trafficking and sexual and other sorts of exploitation.
  • Eliminate all harmful patterns, such as child, early and compelled marriage and female genital mutilation.
  • Ensure women’s complete and adequate participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all decks of decision-making in political, economic and general life.
  • Ensure universal access to sexual as well as reproductive health and reproductive rights as settled in conformity with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population & Development and the Beijing Platform for Rapid Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences.
  • Promote women’s empowerment by adopting the right technological measures. 
  • Embrace and strengthen policies for gender equality. 

Sustainable Development Goal 6: Ensure availability and proper sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Sustainable development goal 6 is concerned with clean water and sanitation for all. We are striving to expand water and sanitation support to emerging and developing nations and to ensure support from the local community in water and sanitation management.

One in three folks live without sanitation. It is leading to unnecessary disease and untimely death stories. Although huge strides have been made in the recent course of time with access to clean drinking water, lack of sanitation is one of the key demerits amid these advances. If we provide affordable equipment as well as education in hygiene practices, we can stop this pointless suffering and loss of life.

Facts and Figures 

  • Despite consistent and massive progress, billions of people still lack proper access to clean and safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene. Accomplishing universal coverage by 2030 will demand a noteworthy increase in current global rates of advancement: sixfold for drinking water, around fivefold for sanitation and threefold for hygiene.
  • Only 0.5% of water on planet Earth is usable and viewed as available freshwater. 
  • Water use efficiency has witnessed a significant rise of 9%, but water stress and water scarcity remain a matter of huge concern in different parts of the world. In 2020, 2.4 billion folks stayed in water-stressed countries. The vital challenges are compounded by disputes as well as climate change.
  • Confining global warming to 1.5°C compared to 2°C would roughly half the proportion of the world population anticipated to suffer water dearth, although considerable variability exists between regions.
  • The global urban population confronting water scarcity is tossed to double from 930 million in the year 2016 to 1.7–2.4 billion people in the year 2050. 
  • Despite headway, 2.2 billion people still lacked safely governed drinking water services. Furthermore, 3.5 billion lacked safely operated sanitation services. Also, nearly 2.0 billion lacked basic hygiene services in 2022. 
  • In several countries, water pollution poses a substantial challenge to human health and the environment.

Sustainable Development Goal 6: Target

  • By 2030, accomplish universal, fair, and equitable access to safe and reasonable drinking water for all.
  • By 2030, improve water quality and grade by minimizing the scope of pollution, eradicating dumping and lessening the release of harmful chemicals and materials, making half the proportion of untreated wastewater and significantly boosting recycling and safe reuse globally.
  • By 2030, achieve access to fair and equitable sanitation & hygiene for all and end the open defecation system, paying special focus to the demands of women and girls and those in vulnerable circumstances.
  • Substantially increase water-use efficiency across diverse sectors by 2030 and ensure sustainable withdrawals as well as supply of freshwater to address the scarcity of water and substantially lessen the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
  • By 2030, enforce integrated water resources management at diverse levels, entailing through transboundary cooperation as relevant.
  • Protect and restore water-related ecosystems, encompassing mountains, forests, rivers, wetlands, aquifers and lakes.
  • By 2030, expand international collaboration and capacity-building aid to developing nations in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, entailing water efficiency, water harvesting, wastewater treatment, desalination, recycling and reuse technologies.

Sustainable Development Goal 7: Ensure Access to Reliable, Affordable, Sustainable & Modern Energy for All

Sustainable development goal 7 is all about tackling the problem of a significant section of people on a global level who live without access to clean cooking solutions or electricity. 

Renewable energy solutions are getting cheaper, more reliable and more efficient with each passing day. Our current reliance on fossil fuels is deemed unsustainable and harmful to the planet, which is why we have to modify the way we produce or even consume energy. Implementing these new modern energy solutions as fast as possible is critical to counter climate change, one of the vital threats to our own survival.

Facts and Figures 

  • The world continues progressing towards sustainable energy marks – but not fast enough. At the current rate, nearly 660 million people will still lack access to adequate electricity and close to 2 billion people will still count on polluting fuels as well as technologies for cooking by the end of year 2030.
  • Renewable sources power about 30% of energy consumption in the electricity domain, but challenges remain in the heating as well as transport sectors. Developing countries undergo 9.6% annual growth in renewable energy structure, but international financial flows for clean energy resume to decline despite monumental requirements.
  • To ensure access to energy for one and all by 2030, we need to accelerate electrification, boost investments in renewable energy, enhance energy efficiency and devise enabling strategies and regulatory frameworks.
  • 733 million individuals don’t have access to electricity. That’s about one in ten people on a global scale. 
  • Access to electricity went from 73 per cent in 1998 to 90 per cent in 2020. 
  • Global electricity access has witnessed a notable rise from 87% in 2015 to 91 per cent in 2021. However, 675 million people, mostly in LDCs and sub-Saharan Africa, still remain without access.
  • Renewable sources power about 30% of energy consumption in the electricity realm, but challenges remain in the heating & transport sectors.
  • 71% of the global population had substantial access to clean cooking fuels and technologies in 2021, up from 64% in 2015. The region with the most downward access rates was sub-Saharan Africa, where advancement towards clean cooking has fallen to match the footsteps of evolving populations, leaving a total of 0.9 billion people without access in 2021.

Sustainable Development Goal 7: Target 

  • By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, dependable and modern energy services
  • By 2030, increase the global percentage of renewable energy 
  • Enhance international cooperation to facilitate proper access to clean energy research & technology by 2030, comprising renewable energy, energy efficiency as well as incredibly advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and foster investment in energy infrastructure & clean energy technology
  • Double the rate of improvement on a global scale in energy efficiency by 2030.
  • By 2030, expand infrastructure and uplift technology level for supplying modern as well as sustainable energy services for all in developing nations, especially in the least developed countries, small island developing States, as well as landlocked developing nations, in conformity with their respective programmes of support.

Sustainable Development Goal 8: Promote Inclusive & Sustainable Economic Growth, Productive Employment, along with Decent Work for All

The sustainable development goal 8 is concerned with decent work and economic growth. It aims at fostering sustainable, fair and equitable economic growth for all workers, irrespective of their gender, race, and background.

Economic growth must be a positive leverage for the whole planet. It is why we need to ensure that financial progress opens the door for decent and fulfilling jobs while not causing any harm to the environment. We must safeguard labour rights and once and for all put a restriction on modern slavery and child labour. If we encourage job creation with expanded access to banking as well as financial inclusion services, we can ensure that everyone gets the benefits of entrepreneurship and invention.

Facts and Figures 

  • Between 2019 and 2020, the number of unemployed people on a global level increased from 191.93 million to 235.21 million; we can say that it’s the biggest annual increase in unemployment in this furnished period. 
  • 700 million workers lived in moderate or extreme poverty in 2018, with less than US$3.20 per day.
  • Multiple crises are setting the global economy under serious hazard. Global real GDP per capita growth is foretold to slow down in 2023. Challenging economic circumstances are pushing more workers into the trap of informal employment.
  • As economies begin to recover, the global unemployment rate has undergone a significant decline. However, the youth unemployment rate persists to be much higher than the rate for adults, signifying persistent challenges in securing employment opportunities for youngsters. 
  • As per the sources, the current global labour force participation rate for women is below 47%. For men, it’s 72%. 

Sustainable Development Goal 8: Target 

  • Sustain per capita economic growth in conformity with national circumstances and, in distinct cases, at least 7% GDP growth per annum in the least developed nations.
  • Improve resource efficiency in production and consumption by 2030. 
  • Encourage development-oriented policies that sustain productive activities, entrepreneurship, decent job creation, creativity and invention, and facilitate the formalization and growth of micro, small-sized, and medium-sized enterprises, entailing access to financial services.
  • By 2030, achieve full and productive employment along with decent work for all men and women, including for young individuals and persons with disabilities, and equal pay value for work of a similar nature.
  • By 2030, develop and implement policies to encourage sustainable tourism that opens the window of job opportunities and stimulates local culture and products.
  • Increase Aid for Trade Support for developing and thriving countries, particularly least developed nations, including via the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-related Technical Support to Least Developed nations. 

Sustainable Development Goal 9: Build Resilient Infrastructure, Encourage and Promote Inclusive and Sustainable Industrialization and Stimulate Innovation

Sustainable Development Goal 9 revolves around industry, innovation, and infrastructure. It is centred around building resilient infrastructure, promoting sustainable industrialization and fostering innovation. A functioning and adaptable infrastructure is the basis of every successful community. In order to meet future challenges, our industries, as well as infrastructure, should be upgraded. For this, we must promote innovative, sustainable technologies and ensure equivalent and universal access to information as well as financial markets. It will bring wealth, create jobs and ensure that we build long-lasting and prosperous societies across the globe.

Facts and Figures 

  • The manufacturing industry’s comeback from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic stays unfinished and uneven. Global manufacturing maturation slowed down to 3.3% in 2022, from 7.4% in 2021. Progress in least-developed countries is far from adequate to reach the mark of doubling the manufacturing share in GDP by 2030. Nevertheless, medium-high- and high-technology industries exhibited robust growth rates.
  • 95% of the world’s population was within reach of a mobile broadband network as of 2022. However, some areas remain underserved.
  • Global carbon dioxide emissions from energy combustion & industrial processes rose by 0.9% to a new all-time high of 36.8 billion metric tons, well under the point of global GDP growth, reverting to a decade- long sensation of decoupling emissions & economic growth.
  • To accomplish Goal 9 by 2030, it is important to support LDCs, invest in cutting-edge technologies, lower carbon emissions and expand mobile broadband access.
  • The percentage of manufacturing employment in overall employment persisted to decline on a global level, falling from 14.3 per cent in 2015 to 13.6 per cent in 2021.
  • Global expenditure on research and development as a balance of GDP increased from 1.69% in 2015 to 1.93% in 2020. The number of researchers per million inhabitants has increased worldwide from 1,022 in 2010 and 1,160 in 2015 to 1,342 in 2020.

Sustainable Development Goal 9: Target 

  • Develop quality, steadfast, endurable and resilient infrastructure, entailing regional & transborder infrastructure, to give pace to economic development & human well-being, with an emphasis on reasonable and equitable access for all.
  • Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization by 2030.
  • Increase the access of small-scale industrial & other enterprises, especially in developing nations, to financial services, including reasonable credit, and their integration into value chains as well as markets.
  • By 2030, elevate infrastructure conditions and retrofit industries to make them sustainable in the long run, with increased resource-use efficiency and timely adoption of clean as well as environmentally sound technologies & industrial processes, with all nations taking action in conformity with their respective capabilities.
  • Facilitate sustainable and consistent infrastructure development for developing nations.
  • Enhance research work and upgrade the status of industrial technologies by 2030.
  • Ensure universal access to information & communications technology.

Sustainable Development Goal 10: Reduce Inequality Within and Among Countries 

The sustainable development goal 10 is concerned with reduced inequality. Too much of the world’s wealth is owned and controlled by a very small group of folks. It often leads to discrimination on financial and social parameters. In order for countries to flourish, equality and prosperity should be available to one and all – regardless of race, gender, economic status or religious beliefs. When every individual is self-reliant, the entire world will witness a flourishing transformation.

Facts and Figures

  • The incomes of the most impoverished 40% of the population had been increasing at an accelerating pace than the national average in most countries. But materialising yet inconclusive evidence indicates that COVID-19 may have put a dent in this optimistic trend of dropping within-country inequality. The COVID-19 pandemic has also pushed the most considerable rise in between-country inequality in the time frame of three decades.
  • 1 in 6 people globally has encountered discrimination in some form, with women and individuals with disabilities disproportionately impacted.
  • On average, women spend 2X as much time on unpaid housework as men.
  • In 2016, 22% of global income was accepted by the top 1% in comparison with 10% of income for the bottom 50%.  

Sustainable Development Goal 10: Target

  • By 2030, progressively accomplish and nourish income growth of the bottom 40% of the inhabitants at a rate much higher than the national average.
  • Empower and promote universal economic, social, and political inclusion by 2030.
  • Adopt strategies and policies, primarily fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively attain greater equality.
  • Improve regulation and monitoring of institutions and global financial markets.
  • Facilitate orderly, secure, unchanging and responsible migration and mobility of folks, entailing through the implementation of prepared and well-managed migration policies.
  • By 2030, reduce to not more than 3% the transaction amounts of migrant remittances and eradicate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5%.

Sustainable Development Goal 11: Make Cities and Human Settlements Safe, Inclusive, Flexible, and Sustainable

The sustainable development goal 11 is primarily concerned with making cities and communities sustainable. It addresses human settlement management and planning, slums, climate change mitigation, and urban economies. The world’s population is constantly expanding. In order to accommodate one and all, we need to construct modern, sustainable cities. For all of us to survive as well as prosper, we need a new, intelligent urban planning mechanism that forms safe, inexpensive and resilient cities with green and culturally motivating living circumstances.

Facts and Figures 

  • About 828 million people are estimated to reside in slum areas, and the number is continuously growing. 
  • Cities occupy about 3% of the earth’s land. However, it accounts for 60% to 80% of energy consumption and 70% of carbon emissions. 
  • 4.2 billion individuals, 55% of the world’s population, lived in cities in 2018. The urban population is anticipated to reach 6.5 billion by 2050. 
  • In the forthcoming decades, 90% of urban expansion will be in the developing world. 

Sustainable Development Goal 11: Target 

  • Ensure access for all to safe, reliable, adequate, and reasonable housing as well as basic services and upgrade slums.
  • Provide access to safe, cheap, accessible and sustainable transport systems for one and all by 2030, enhancing road safety, notably by expanding public transport structure, with special emphasis on the needs of those in vulnerable situations, children, women, individuals with disabilities and older persons.
  • Enhance sustainable urbanization & capacity for participatory, integrated as well as sustainable human settlement planning & management in all nations.  
  • Protect the world’s natural and cultural heritage. 
  • Reduce the negative effects of natural disasters by 2030. 
  • Reduce the environmental impact of cities by 2030.
  • Reinforce positive social, economic, and environmental links between peri-urban, urban, as well as rural areas by bolstering national and regional development planning.
  • Provide access to safe, green public spaces by 2030.
  • Support least developed nations, entailing through technical and financial assistance, in constructing sustainable buildings utilizing local materials.

Sustainable Development Goal 12: Ensure Sustainable Consumption & Production Patterns

The sustainable development goal 12 revolves around sustainable consumption and production patterns, which is important to sustain the livelihoods of current as well as future generations. Our planet has furnished us with a plethora of natural resources. However, we have not utilized them in a responsible manner and currently consume far beyond what our planet can render. We must gain enough insights on how to use and produce in a sustainable manner that will reverse the harm that we have foisted on the planet.

Facts and Figures 

  • Every year, 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted. Furthermore, almost 2 billion individuals go undernourished or hungry. 
  • 2 billion people are obese or overweight globally. 
  • The food sector accounts for about 22% of total greenhouse gas emissions[1], primarily from the conversion of forests into farmland. 
  • One-fifth of the world’s energy consumption in 2013 was clearly from renewable sources. 
  • About 3% of the world’s water is fit for drinking, and humans are using it at a rapid pace than nature can replenish it. 

Sustainable Development Goal 12: Target 

  • Achieve the sustainable management as well as efficient use of natural resources. 
  • Implementation of a 10-Year sustainable consumption and production structure.
  • Bring per capita global food waste at the retail as well as consumer levels to half by 2030 and minimize food losses along with production and supply chains, entailing post-harvest losses.
  • Reduce waste generation in a sustainable manner by 2030 through prevention, reduction, recycling, and reuse. 
  • Promote companies, especially large as well as transnational companies, to embrace sustainable exercises and to integrate sustainability knowledge into their reporting cycle.
  • Promote sustainable public procurement practices in conformity with national priorities and policies. 
  • Encourage universal understanding of sustainable development & lifestyles by 2030.
  • Empower developing nations to solidify their scientific as well as technological capacity for sustainable production & consumption. 
  • Develop as well as enforce tools to monitor sustainable tourism. 

Sustainable Development Goal 13: Take Rapid, Urgent Action to Combat Climate Change and its Impact

The sustainable development goal 13 is concerned with limiting and adapting to climate change. Climate change is a real and one of the undeniable threats to our entire civilization. The effects are already observable and will be ruinous unless we act now. We can make the desired changes to protect the planet through innovation, modification in policies and approaches, education, and adherence to our climate responsibilities. These modifications also provide tremendous opportunities to update our infrastructure, which will make the way for the emergence of new jobs and foster greater prosperity across the globe.

Facts and Figures 

  • Till 2017, as reported, humans are estimated to have caused nearly 1°C of global warming beyond pre-industrial levels. 
  • Besides this, sea levels have risen by 20 cm approx. since 1880 and are expected to rise in the range of 30-122 cm by 2100. 
  • Global net CO2 emissions should drop by 45% between 2010 and 2030. Furthermore, it must reach net zero around 2050. 
  • Under the Paris agreement, climate pledges encompass just one-third of the emissions required to keep the world below 2° Celsius. 
  • The energy sector is anticipated to create 18 million more jobs by 2030, centred around sustainable energy.

Sustainable Development Goal 13: Target 

  • Strengthen stability and adaptive capacity to climate-related threats and natural disasters in all nations.
  • Incorporate climate change measures into national policies, ideas, strategies, and planning.
  • Build knowledge and potential to meet climate change.
  • Encourage the right mechanisms to raise capacity for proper planning and management.

Sustainable Development Goal 14: Conserve and Sustainably use the Seas, Oceans & Marine Resources for Sustainable Development

The sustainable development goal 14 is concerned with life below water. Healthy oceans and seas are vital to our existence. They encompass 70% of our planet, and we bank upon them for food, energy as well as water. Yet, we have managed to do a lot of damage to these precious and crucial resources. We need to protect them by eradicating pollution and overfishing and immediately initiate to responsibly manage as well as safeguard all marine life around the world.

Facts and Figures 

  • The ocean encircles three-quarters of the earth’s surface and symbolises 99% of the living space on the planet by volume. 
  • More than 3 billion individuals depend on coastal and marine biodiversity for their livelihoods. 
  • The ocean entails near about 2,00,000 recognized species. However, the actual number may fluctuate and lie in the millions. 
  • About 40% of the ocean is heavily affected due to pollution, loss of coastal habitats, depleted fisheries, and other activities performed by humans. 
  • The ocean absorbs nearly 30% of carbon dioxide generated by humans, cushioning the consequences of global warming.

Sustainable Development Goal 14: Target

  • Prevent and remarkably reduce marine pollution of all forms by 2025, in particular from land-related activities, entailing marine debris and nutrient pollution.
  • Sustainably manage, protect, and restore ecosystems
  • Minimize as well as address the impacts of ocean acidification, entailing through enhanced scientific cooperation at diverse levels.
  • Embrace sustainable fishing methods, and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and ungoverned fishing and destructive fishing approaches and enforce science-based management plans.
  • Increase the economic merits to small island developing States as well as least developed nations from the sustainable and right use of marine resources by 2030, comprising through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture as well as tourism.
  • Widen the horizon of scientific knowledge, emphasize primarily on research and technology for ocean health.
  • Lend support to small-scale artisanal fishers.
  • Implement and enforce International Sea Law.  

Sustainable Development Goal 15: Protect, Restore, as well, as Promote Sustainable Use of Terrestrial Ecosystems, Sustainable and Smart Management of Forests, Combat Desertification and Discontinue & Reverse Land Degradation and Leave No Scope for Biodiversity Loss

The sustainable development goal 15 encircles life on land. A blossoming life on land is the basis for our life on this planet. We are all an integral element of the planet’s ecosystem. Besides this, we have caused severe damage to it via deforestation, loss of natural habitats & land degradation. Encouraging a sustainable use of our ecosystems and safeguarding biodiversity is not just a significant cause. It is the key to our own survival.

Facts and Figures

  • Approximately 1.6 billion folks depend on forests for their basic livelihood means. 
  • More than 80% of all terrestrial species of plants, animals, and insects reside in forests. 
  • Nearly 2.6 billion people depend on agriculture directly for a living. 
  • Nature-focused climate solutions and strategies can contribute about one-third of CO2 reductions by 2030. 
  • Mountain regions provide in the range of 60 to 80% of the earth’s fresh water. 

Sustainable Development Goal 15: Target

  • Conserve, restore, and sustainably use terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems.
  • End the game of deforestation and restore as well as revive degraded forests.
  • End desertification & restore degraded land by 2030. 
  • Ensure conservation and protection of mountain ecosystems by 2030. 
  • Provide protection to biodiversity and natural habitats. 
  • Promote fair and honest sharing of the blessings arising from the utilization of genetic resources.
  • Eliminate poaching on a strict note and trafficking of protected species.
  • Integrate ecosystem as well as biodiversity in governmental planning. 
  • Mobilize and greatly increase financial resources from diverse sources to conserve and sustainably utilize biodiversity and ecosystems.
  • Mobilize noteworthy resources from various sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management.

Sustainable Development Goal 16: Promote Peaceful and Inclusive Societies for Growth and Sustainable Development, Make Justice Accessible for one and all, Accountable & Inclusive Institutions at Different Levels

The sustainable development goal 16 addresses the need to promote peace as well as inclusive institutions. Areas of improvement encompass reducing civilian deaths in conflicts, reducing lethal violence, and eliminating human trafficking from the picture. 

Compassion and a powerful moral compass are critical to every democratic society. Yet, persecution, inequity and abuse still run unhindered and are tearing at the very fabric of civilization. We need to ensure that we have robust institutions, global standards of justice, and a promise of peace everywhere.

Facts and Figures 

  • Around 68.5 million individuals have been displaced against their will as a result of conflict, persecution, violence, or human rights violations. 
  • Approximately 10 million stateless people have been denied nationality and are deprived of their basic rights. 
  • Corruption, tax evasion, theft, and bribery cost developing nations US$ 1.26 trillion every year. 
  • In 49 countries, several significant laws that can protect women from domestic violence are missing. 
  • In 46 nations, women hold more than 30% of seats in, as a conservative estimate, one chamber of national parliament. 
  • About 1 billion people are legally invisible as they cannot prove who they are.  

Sustainable Development Goal 16: Target

  • Significantly reduce different forms of violence and connected death rates everywhere.
  • Protect children from exploitation, abuse, trafficking, and violence. 
  • By 2030, lessen illicit financial as well as arms flows, bolster the recovery & return of stolen assets and fight against all the diverse forms of organized crime.
  • Reduce bribery as well as corruption in all their forms.  
  • Develop accountable & transparent institutions at all levels.
  • Ensure responsive, participatory, inclusive, and representative decision-making at diverse levels.
  • Provide legal identity for one and all by 2030, including birth registration.
  • Ensure public access to information as well as safeguard fundamental freedom.
  • Empower national institutions to ward off violence and combat crime and terrorism.
  • Enforce non-discriminatory policies and laws. 

Sustainable Development Goal 17: Strengthen and Ethe Means of Implementation & Bolster the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development

The sustainable development goal 17 revolves around partnerships for the goals. It refers to the need for fair cross-sector and cross-nation collaborations in pursuit of all missions and goals by 2030. It is a call for nations to align policies. 

The Global Goals can only be fulfilled if we work jointly as team members. International investments and aid are required to ensure creative technological development, equitable trade and market access, specifically for developing nations. To create a better world, we ought to be empathetic, inventive, supportive, spirited, and above all, cooperative.

Facts and Figures 

  • The UN Conference on Trade and Development says accomplishing SDGs will require about US$5 trillion to $7 trillion in annual investment. 
  • The official development assistance reached the point of US$147.2 billion in 2017. 
  • International remittances in 2017 mounted up to US$ 613 billion. 76% of it went to developing nations. 
  • 6 nations met the international targets in 2016 to keep official development support at or above 0.7% of gross national income. 
  • The bond market for sustainable business is evolving. The global green bonds touched the point of US$155.5 Billion, up 78% from previous years. 

Sustainable Development Goal 17: Target 

  • Mobilize resources in order to enhance domestic revenue collection. 
  • Developed nations to implement their official development assistance-related commitments.
  • Mobilize additional financial resources for evolving nations from multiple sources.
  • Assist developing nations in attaining debt sustainability. 
  • Adopt as well as enforce investment promotion regimes for least developed nations. 
  • Encourage sustainable technologies in developing countries.  
  • Enhance SDG capacity in developing nations.
  • Foster a universal trading system under the WTO.

How Hindrise can contribute to Sustainable Development Goals?

Being a hunger NGO in India, Hindrise Social Welfare Foundation is running Aatmnirbhar Seva Kitchen and taking different initiatives to accomplish the mission of zero hunger. We are making strategies and policies with the objective of ending malnutrition. Furthermore, we are embracing sustainable development strategies to control pollution, environmental damage, etc. Also, we are protecting children from abuse, trafficking, etc. Moreover, we are striving to create job opportunities for the less privileged ones and devising plans to make education accessible for one and all. 

At Hindrise, we are focusing on plantation activities and spreading the message of stopping deforestation. Also, we are executing diverse plans to empower women. We are aiming to reduce waste generation in a sustainable manner. Hindrise Social Welfare Foundation is leaving no stone unturned in fulfilling the dreams of all the countries pertaining to sustainable development goals. 

The Final Words

Sustainable development goals are a package of 17 SDGs, policies and targets for ensuring sustainable progress all over the world. These goals were embraced by the United Nations as a universal buzz to action to eradicate poverty, safeguard and preserve the planet, and ensure that by 2030, all individuals will cherish peace and fortune. 

Frequently Asked Questions 

Who created SDG?

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were brought to light at the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 2012. 

How many SDGs are present?

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals currently have 17 goals with 169 targets that all 191 UN Member States have consented to try to accomplish by the year 2030.

What is meant by Zero Hunger?

Zero Hunger is one of the significant UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It refers to the objective of making sure that one and all have access to adequate, safe, and nourishing food to meet their dietary requirements and preferences and that all individuals have the capacity to acquire the food they require without compromising their social, economic, and environmental well-being.

What is the Goal 13 of Sustainability?

Goal 13 of sustainability is concerned with taking urgent endeavours to combat climate change and its substantial impacts.

What is Goal 7 of Sustainable Development?

Goal 7 is all about ensuring access to clean as well as affordable energy, which is paramount to the evolution of agriculture, communications, business, healthcare, education and transportation.

What are the Three Pillars of Sustainable Development?

Social, environmental, and economic pillars are the three vital pillars of sustainable development. 

What is the Concept of Sustainability?

Sustainability consists of fulfilling the requirements of current generations without compromising the necessities of future generations while ensuring an amazing balance between economic development, environmental care and social well-being.

Why is Sustainability Important?

Sustainable living practices assist inreducing pollution and also preserving natural resources such as water and energy. Businesses and folks that care about sustainability are also less inclined to encroach upon the natural habitats of wild animals, thus enabling the protection of the biodiversity of our planet.

What is the Sustainable Use of Resources?

Sustainable utilization of natural resources is the efficient and proper management of natural resources for the usefulness of the entire human community.

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