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How Domestic Violence is a Threat to Economic Development Globally?

Domestic violence is a threat to economic development on a global level. Its boundaries are not confined to physical violence only. It entails a complex interplay of numerous forms of abuse that breaks an individual to the core. It leads to physical and mental trauma that affects the mind of a sufferer, and it becomes difficult to get back to a normal state.

In this write-up, you will come across the meaning of domestic violence, its forms and how domestic violence is a threat to economic development globally.

Meaning of Domestic Violence

Domestic violence refers to a pattern of human behaviour used mostly by one person in a relationship to control another person and showcase one’s power all the time. It is sometimes known as domestic abuse or intimate partner violence. Generally, it takes place within the boundaries of a house. It occurs within different types of relationships, such as family relationships, marriages, dating relationships, etc. It can affect an individual irrespective of gender, age, race, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, or level of education and excellence.

It encircles a wide range of human behaviours such as emotional, physical, sexual, psychological or financial in nature. The perpetrator usually uses such forms of abusive behaviours to instil fear, assert dominance, and manipulate the victim.

Forms of Domestic Violence 

How domestic violence is a threat to economic development

Facts and Statistics

  • According to the research reports made in the past, the National Commission for Women received about 30,900 reports of numerous crimes in different forms against women in 2022. Amid the 30,900 reports, approximately 6900 cases were related to domestic violence against women. Furthermore, there were cases of rape, dowry harassment, and domestic violence complaints in 2022 in comparison with the reports in 2021.
  • Globally, an estimated 736 million women—about one in three—have been a victim of either physical or sexual intimate partner violence or even non-partner sexual violence, or both at least once in their lives (30% of women aged either 15 or older). This figure excludes sexual harassment.
  • In the year 2021, there was about a 30% rise in overall complaints received by the National Commission for Women from about 23,700 cases to 30,800 cases recorded in the year 2022. NCW reportedly received above 6500 complaints under the ‘protection of women against domestic violence’ in 2022.
  • One in fifteen (6.3% or 205 million) employees has undergone sexual violence and harassment at the workstation, according to a 2022 report by the International Labour Organization.
  • Kerala state child rights panel stated that a total of 4,582 child abuse cases were recorded in the southern state under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO) in 2022.
  • In the U.S., there is an incident of domestic violence every 15 seconds. 
  • In India, one in three women undergo domestic violence in their lifetime. 
  • One in five women will become a victim of domestic violence after crossing the age of 15 in Australia. 

How Domestic Violence is a Threat to Economic Development?

It can be a threat to economic development in several ways-

  • Lost Productivity
    Excess of domestic violence leads to absenteeism. It reduces the level of productivity as victims may miss work due to physical suffering or emotional breakdown, preventing them from contributing to the economy in a significant way and hindering the efficiency of the active workforce.
  • Workforce Stability 
    In the professional space, it causes high turnover rates as survivors or victims may look out for different job opportunities and change their jobs in order to escape an abusive environment, eventually disrupting the business flow and economic stability.
  • Legal Expenses 
    Addressing the cases in the professional realm globally incurs substantial costs, diverting funds from mainstream areas of development to legal proceedings, eventually impacting economic progress.
  • Healthcare Costs 
    An increase in the cases of domestic violence puts pressure on the healthcare system on a global level. It diverts resources that could be utilized for economic growth and advancement to cover medical expenses, mental healthcare support for the survivors, and rehabilitation.
  • Entrepreneurship Barrier
    The survivors may find it challenging to commence or sustain business ventures, restricting the potential of entrepreneurial progress and innovation within economies, eventually making the journey tough for economic growth.
  • Mental Health Impact 
    Domestic violence survivors take time to get over the mental trauma and mental health issues they have faced. Thus, they lose their ability to participate wholeheartedly in the workforce. It impacts their productivity up to a great extent. Furthermore, it slows the pace of economic development.
  • Education Disruption 
    Children exposed to it usually encounter challenges pertaining to education. The development of adequate skills is a challenge for them. Besides this, their future employability is also at stake. Thus, they fail to contribute to the economic progress in a substantial way.
  • Gender Inequality 
    It keeps gender disparities in existence. It limits the potential contribution of the female population to economic development efforts, inhibiting diversity as well as inclusion in diverse sectors.
  • Innovation Suppression
    Trauma resulting from domestic violence experiences can suppress innovation and creativity among domestic violence survivors. It limits their potential contributions to technology, research and development, and artistic endeavours, minimizing the scope for economic advancement in these fields.
  • Investment Climate 
    The high level of significant cases of domestic violence can reduce the chances of foreign investments. If investors find that the social environment of the country is unstable for conducting business, they won’t invest at any cost as they are not willing to take unnecessary risks. It eventually affects economic growth opportunities.
  • Social Welfare Strain
    Its cases place strain on social welfare mechanisms and require extra resources for support services, leaving an impact on the budgets that could otherwise be utilized for economic development initiatives.
  • Global Workforce Mobility
    Domestic violence survivors battling against economic insecurity may prefer migrating to different locations in search of safety. It may affect global workforce mobility. Besides this, it may contribute to labour market challenges in different nations.

Stopping Domestic Violence against Women is the Need of the Hour

Stopping domestic violence against women is our key responsibility. Very few people know it can play a substantial role in developing the economy. The phases of the COVID-19 Pandemic are regarded as the shadow pandemic. During the pandemic phase, there was an increase in the cases of sexual, physical, and emotional abuse of women. The evidence of such cases witnessed a significant rise.

In Nigeria, the number of reported cases of gender-violence connected to lockdowns has grown by more than 130%. In Croatia, reported rapes rose by 228% during the first five months of 2020 in comparison with the records in 2019.

During downturns, the economic costs of domestic violence are generally higher. It could even make recovery a more challenging task. For many women globally, no place is worse and unsafe than their own homes. As the world identifies International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, we can say that the pandemic has worsened the effects of it. Abuse of any Form is wrong and is considered a violation of basic human rights.

A Burden on Society 

Violence against girls and women has a multi-dimensional effect on the health of an economy. Women residing in houses where family abuse prevails tend to be less productive and can continue their work for fewer hours. High levels of domestic violence can reduce the number of women in the workforce in the long run.

We are presenting data from the US Agency for International Development’s Demographic & Health Survey before you, accumulated from the 1980s to the present. The surveys ask women exhaustive questions about mistreatment. The data is generated from 18 sub-Saharan African countries, wrapping more than 224 districts & more than 440,000 women, representative of around 75% of sub-Saharan Africa’s female population.

The surveys discovered that more than 30% of women in the region had encountered some form of domestic abuse.

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How Stopping Domestic Violence against Women can Boost the Economy?

Stopping domestic violence against women can boost the economy in numerous ways- 

  • Higher Workforce Productivity
    Empowered women who find themselves in a secure space tend to be more dedicated and productive in the workplace. It contributes to workplace efficiency in a positive manner. Furthermore, it elevates the overall economic output.
  • Entrepreneurship Promotion
    A Safer working environment drives women to venture into the sphere of entrepreneurship. It leads to innovative and unique business ideas and fosters economic expansion.
  • Reduced Workplace Absenteeism 
    Women free from the chain of family abuse experience reduced work-related disruptions. They visit their workplaces without any fear. It ensures a stable and consistent workforce presence.
  • Reduction in Crime Rates 
    Addressing the matter of domestic violence reduces the cases. It creates a safer environment conducive to economic growth, prosperity, and investment.
  • Healthcare Cost Reduction
    Stopping domestic violence reduces healthcare costs by preventing issues pertaining to mental health and injuries, saving both public as well as private resources.
  • Innovation and Creativity
    A safe living environment fosters diverse perspectives, ushers’ individuals on the path of creativity and innovation, and assists in developing a healthier and more robust ecosystem. Thus, it fuels economic progress.
  • Consumer Confidence
    A safe environment elevates the confidence level of consumers. It leads to increased spending and higher consumer demand, and thereby, it contributes to economic progress.
  • Education Enhancement 
    Safe homes away from the cyclone of domestic violence encourage girls’ education. It raises the literacy rates. Furthermore, it creates a skilled, educated workforce and contributes to uplifting the economic status of the nation.
  • Legal Expenses Minimization
    Reduced cases will minimize legal expenses. It permits the allocation of the funds to other essential segments, fostering economic efficiency and advancement.
  • Positive Work Environment 
    Safe and secure workstations result in increased employee morale. It also leads to job satisfaction and boosts the productivity level. Moreover, it creates a positive cycle for economic prosperity.

How our NGO, Hindrise Social Welfare Foundation, can help in Reducing Domestic Violence Cases?

Reducing domestic violence cases requires a well-planned, strategic, and multi-faceted approach. It involves raising awareness, empowering domestic violence survivors, providing support services, and advocating for changes in policy and approach.

Our NGO, Hindrise Social Welfare Foundation, can help in reducing domestic violence cases by following the strategies and approaches showcased below-

  • At Hindrise, we are raising awareness about domestic violence through educational programs. We are all set to conduct awareness campaigns and workshops pertaining to the subject of domestic violence in communities, schools, and colleges to educate folks about the signs of domestic violence, its impact, and available resources.
  • We are establishing a 24/7 helpline panel for the survivors who can reach out to us for immediate support and information.
  • We are providing free counselling services for survivors and their family members. Our intent is to help them cope with trauma and restructure their lives in a better way.
  • With the support of legal institutions, we offer legal aid services to make survivors familiar with their rights, acquire restraining orders, and navigate the entire legal system.
  • We advocate for stricter policies and laws against domestic violence. Besides this, we are planning to mobilize communities to support these changes.
  • We are planning to use social media campaigns, TV, radio, and print media to create awareness about domestic violence and its negative consequences that the economy has to face.
  • We are creating safe spaces for the victims who can seek refuge from ill and abusive environments.
  • We are conducting skill development programs and providing vocational training to empower survivors in order to help them gain financial freedom.
  • We are taking entrepreneurship initiatives for the survivors. We are here to assist survivors in commencing small businesses and making them self-reliant.
  • At Hindrise Social Welfare Foundation, we are organizing self-defense workshops to empower vulnerable individuals and women.
  • We are conducting workshops on building strong communication skills, healthy relationships, and conflict resolution within communities.
  • We are joining hands with law enforcement agencies and coordinating with local authorities in order to ensure a well-established response to such cases of physical, sexual, or mental abuse.
  • At Hindrise, we are organizing parenting workshops to educate parents about the right techniques of parenting and the impact of relationship abuse on children.
  • We join hands with other organizations working in the sphere of physical, sexual, or mental abuse in order to leverage resources as well as knowledge.
  • We are conducting research activities to ascertain the root causes of domestic violence in diverse communities.
  • In order to identify the core areas where intervention is required, we are gathering data on cases related to family abuse.
  • We are helping the survivors by extending financial assistance to them. We strive to make them live in a healthy environment once they walk away from the abusive environment.
  • At Hindrise, we are offering therapeutic services to the survivors.
  • We are conducting age-appropriate educational outreach programs about consent, healthy relationships, and respect for women.

The Final Words 

In essence, domestic violence is deemed as major threat and barrier to economic development. It affects the growth of the victim, limits workforce productivity, and creates fear in the mind of the sufferer. By acknowledging this issue and making people aware of the ways through which it can be stopped, one can ensure a better future for our economic development. Be a part of our revolutionary movement, and let’s work together in the direction of reducing the cases of domestic violence.

FAQs

How does domestic violence impact the social and economic environment?

It has substantial economic costs in terms of expenditures on service requirements, lost income for the victims and their families, lowered productivity, and negative impacts on future human information.  

What is the relationship between economic stress & domestic violence?

A study demonstrated that the rate of intimate partner violence in economically underprivileged neighbourhoods is 8.7% in comparison with 4.3% in more economically privileged neighbourhoods.

What is the impact of domestic & family violence on the society?

While children can be remarkably resilient, the impacts of family violence can potentially have long-term results for friendships as well as relationships & participation in social as well as civic life. Family and gender-based violence induces considerable economic and social costs to the community.

How does domestic violence affect the quality of life?

Investigations and research conducted on domestic abuse & mental health of abused women discovered that typical psychiatric disorders include stress, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, eating disturbances, substance dependence, antisocial personality ailments, and non-affective psychoses.

Does domestic violence affect only low-income families?

The answer is no. Families across all socio-economic backgrounds are affected by it. The cases pertaining to domestic violence impact their economic stability.

Can domestic violence lead to job loss?

Yes, the survivors are likely to lose their jobs due to reduced productivity, absenteeism, and the need to relocate from one place to another.

How does domestic violence affect entrepreneurship?

It can deter survivors from moving ahead in their entrepreneurial journey. It diminishes the line of economic growth potential in communities.

Can domestic violence deter foreign investments in a country?

Yes, the increased cases of domestic violence can deter foreign investments in a country. It showcases the picture of social instability in the nation and potential challenges in the workstation.

How does domestic violence affect mental health?

It leads to severe mental health issues. It affects survivors’ ability to work and contribute to the welfare and growth of the economy.

What is the Law on Domestic Violence in India?

The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005
 
Women can seek protection under this law against it, the right to live in their shared household, and financial compensation, and they can get maintenance from their abuser in case they are not living together.