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Training Underprivileged Youth in India for All-round Development

Youth welfare has always been a priority of the country. India has taken various efforts at a national and regional level to promote youth’s health, nutrition, education, and socio-cultural interests. An action plan is out as a skill development program to provide training to the underprivileged youth in India so that they can have their own basic living livelihood.

Skill development and vocational education have been aligned to ensure better employment opportunities for the labour force in local and overseas job markets. In the country, the underprivileged youth group’s lack of relevant skills and a mismatch between supply and demand in the market leads to very poor employability and lower wages for them. Imparting education and training to underprivileged youth in India is to ensure sustainable economic and social development.

Investment in skills and employability of workers contributes to an improvement in productivity and competitiveness. But many destitute youths are not getting basic needs like education and skill development training, which leads them to poverty, insufficient nutrition, and illiteracy. The Indian government has emphasized that necessary education, training, and skill development programs to proceed ahead with training to underprivileged youth in India which is necessary to have a better life.

Skill Development Program Support the Mission of Training Underprivileged Youth in India

A complete strategy for the Development and Skills Training Programs Linked to Employment, which is a need of an hour for developing and training underprivileged youth in India, can access skills training, leading to employment. Skills are vital for productivity and growth, in fact, at the core of improving people’s employment outcomes.

Many training providers are administered by the government-run skills training programs that address the industry’s skills needs. Government and development partners strongly feel the need for skills development programs wherein the underprivileged group should have access.

Problems Faced by the Youth Living under Reduced Circumstances

The underprivileged youth get a poor formal education, and when they grow up, they don’t get enough vocational industry-specific skills, often face severe job insecurities in the youth stage. Therefore, they usually are the first to lose their jobs as economies. They also fail to avail themselves the better jobs that require higher skills.

A number of difficulties beset the technical and vocational education and training sector. It includes insufficient quality assurance; lack of autonomy for training centers to adapt courses for local needs; overly rigid traditional school-based curricula & vocational standards; lack of continuing professional teacher training; excessively long course durations; lack of regulation and certification of informal apprenticeships; lack of access to skills for underprivileged groups; and insufficient recognition of existing skills and informal learning, preventing labor mobility.

Government Initiative for the Underprivileged Youth in India

The government has been recognizing that these shortcomings lead to a serious wastage of skills in the economy. The vision for skills development shared by the government, industry, workers, and civil society is that Skills development in India will be recognized and supported by the government. The industries are coordinating and well-planning strategy for national and enterprise development. The reformed skills development program will empower all individuals to access decent employment and ensure competitiveness in the global market through improved skills, knowledge, and qualifications recognized for quality across the globe.

Today, Hindrise is running skills training programs that address the industry’s skills needs. It is now important to impart skills training linked to gainful employment and self-employment to underprivileged youth in India through different training providers. We are supporting the government policy of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana. We have individually started the programs which support this yojana. The scheme is about the following initiatives:

  • To provide fresh skill development training to school dropouts, college dropouts, and unemployed youth through short term courses.
  • Recognize the skill available of the current workforce through skill certification
  • To engage States in the implementation of the scheme leading to capacity development of the states.
  • To improve the quality of training infrastructure along with the alignment of training with the needs of the industry.
  • To encourage standardization in the certification process and initiate a process of creating a registry of skills.

To help in the country’s employment initiatives, the National Skill Development Corporation, under the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Government of India, has been organizing Rozgar Melas across the nation is providing suitable job opportunities to the unemployed youth. This is a important and major initiative taken by the Ministry to improve the unemployed youth’s placement rate.

With initiatives like these, the Indian Government is ensuring a parallel growth in the private and industrial sector. There is no end to the industry’s potential to flourish across the States, with big corporates partnering with the government and pledging to invest. Rozgar Melas is a platform exclusively for the where Corporate India participates extensively and extends employment opportunities to deserving candidates. The Rozgar Mela format is unique, which provides the youth nationwide the platform to learn about employment and entrepreneurship opportunities by directly connecting them with the corporates.

Law in Regard to the Unemployment of Unprivileged Youths

India is obliged under both national and international law to protect and promote youth’s rights and interests. The Constitution guarantees fundamental rights and ensures affirmative action against forced labor. Article 41 has the guiding principles for formulating policies and laws relating to underprivileged youth’s rights and development. The economics of development sheds substantial light on educating people as education is fundamental to the broader notion of human capabilities that lie at the core of the meaning of development.

However, the children under the age of 14 years are prohibited by law from working, an estimated five million children between the ages of 5 and 14 are still involved in child labor, which is still a concern for us. Most of the jobs are high risk-oriented, and these children have to work in various exploitative conditions. As families migrate to cities searching for work, children end up living either in overcrowded squatter settlements or on the streets. They are forced to work as the domestic workers, in different factories and touting goods or shops.

As the children do not have the time to attend regular schooling, they end up in the vicious cycle of intergenerational poverty. The Indian government has introduced several policies and plans over the years intended to promote equitable, inclusive, and high-quality education and to reduce or eliminate child labor.

Recommendation to Eradicate Unemployment

Education is the utmost important key to success, this is a very general statement, and all people are familiar with this. In the pragmatic world, survival and day to day income become impossible to a huge number of educated communities. In a developing country like India, only education and pass marks sometimes cannot bring daily bread to numerous families.

Skill is the vital driving force besides knowledge and innovation for social development and economic growth in any country of the world. To respond to challenges and to grab opportunities, the combination of education and skills is very important. Different initiatives have been taken for the children’s primary and secondary education in India, but strong and noteworthy programs have to be formed for enhancing employment-linked skills from childhood. Underprivileged youth in India need the rights, opportunities, and environment to improve the quality of their lives to have a positive future.

How Can we Support and Train Underprivileged Youth in India?

The disadvantaged socio-economic background people should get the highest priority in the national skill development policy because economic development is very much dependent on this particular group. We need to train unprivileged youth and increase the employment opportunity of the underprivileged youth in India. It is very important to take some important measures and modify policies. The HINDRISE takes the following initiatives in improving the status of the unprivileged youth in India:

Train Underprivileged Youth in India

Increasing Capacity of Training Institutes

An increase in institutional capacities in technological applications is necessary. At the same time, new technologies should be incorporated into both the school/institute management programs and curricula. The institute should have a capacity for maximum students, and it should fulfill the target of inspiring more underprivileged youths. Hindrise volunteers have started an initiative to conduct small programs every month for the awareness to increase practical knowledge, which can be helpful in the future.

Enhancing Course Content and Up-gradation

Skills-based training should be enhanced on the basis of demand, and existing courses should be modified, focusing on the skills and current situations centered on skills in demand. The curricular should be developed in collaboration with the national skill level, as well as industry standards. Certifications should be linked with national competency-based standards and assessment tools. We Hindrise have tied up with a renowned institute where our volunteers visit to encourage students, and we take a session to motivate the students for future goals.

The Linkage between the Private and Public Sector

Substantial linkages should be facilitated between the programs and both the public and private sectors. The existing training systems call for better adaptation to the labor market and employment system’s needs. Public, private dialogue has to be created for better systems and better outputs.

Trainers and their Competency have to be Increased

There is an acute shortage of trainers across the board, suggesting the pressing need to increase the number of existing trainers. New demands for trainers: none of this can be put into practice by simply using traditional teachers’ presentations and textbook-based methods.

Trainers must help students develop basic competency skills, e.g., initiative-taking and teamwork abilities, communication, decision-making, and problem-solving capabilities. In order to do this, trainers must have a complete “methodological toolkit” at their disposal to be used in the transmission of wide-ranging areas of competency. Regular payment of the trainers’ salary should be ensured to maintain the spirit, tempo, and quality of training.

Policymaking for the Underprivileged Youth in India

Policymakers should carefully weigh the efficacy of a policy against other potential uses of funds. Emphasis should be put on achieving specified objectives relating to training courses’ quality and effectiveness in terms of increasing the number and quality of trainers and introducing modern training, machinery, equipment, and toolkits.

 In the existing traditional training system, different training centers of various ministries provide the same training to the same areas and the same people—this needs inter-ministerial coordination, cooperation, and regular interaction to deliver a better quality of training.

Adequate Funds to Train Underprivileged Youth

An additional and adequate fund should be allocated to purchase a new and sufficient number of training equipment and toolkits. India is a country where the population is high, and the unemployment rate is also high. Therefore, if underprivileged youth in India get employment-linked skill training, they will be allocated in different industries of the country and be absorbed in different foreign countries as legal laborers and employees, which will boost our economy and increase the gross domestic product.

In the Nutshell

Skills are vital for productivity and growth and are, in fact, at the core of improving people’s employment outcomes. India’s population is rising fast, and currently, the country is in the stages of urban transition. At present, underprivileged youth in India constitute the majority of the workforce in different industries (such as the garment business, light engineering, electronics, construction, services, and transport).

The underprivileged working group frequently underperform and remain underemployed because they lack the requisite skills. In order to adopt policies and practices of the new changes for urbanization, the youth groups need to be trained and educated properly. We must also try ourselves to provide good education from the beginning for the future development and growth of the youth and nation as well.