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Rural Poverty in India Has Become the Matter of Concern

Rural poverty in India tends to be increasing with passing time due to specific factors responsible for it. On the one hand, India aims to create a milestone in the space and other sectors. The increasing rural poverty is proving to be a significant roadblock on the way of reaching its target. More than a quarter of the residents in the rural area is falling under the poverty line category.

The term ‘poverty rate’ is defined as the share of the population (percentage) below the poverty line. Rural poverty in India is not a new concept, its prevailing since the very beginning and has proved to be more devastating than any pandemic.

Coronavirus’s emerging crisis has further added to the already existing problem of rural poverty in India. Covid-19 has contributed immensely to India’s rising poverty rate, putting millions of rural populations with no shelter, food, employment, and other necessities to sustain life.

India has an overall population of approximately 1.3 million, where more than 900 million people live in rural areas of the country. While the poverty rate is reduced due to governmental support and schemes, various factors such as natural disasters, dependency on agriculture, and high birth rates have added to the extended poverty in rural India that hits around 300 million people. As per the recent reports, 22% of Indians fall below the line of poverty, and that’s a huge concern that needs proper attention of all.

Eradicating the Issue of Rural Poverty is Crucial

We couldn’t have taken a back seat gazing at the situation, so, as a social-welfare NGO, Hindrise Foundation is striving hard to eradicate the emerging issue of rural poverty in India amidst the Coronavirus Pandemic. In furtherance to the same, our NGO has distributed around 4 lakh food packets in several parts of Delhi NCR amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic. Also, we have delivered around 2 lakh ration kits to support the migrant workers until now.

As we have made a full-fledged strategy to ensure the basic needs of low-income families of migrant workers and other under-privileged ones, we have distributed more than 2 lakh face masks, sanitizers for saving them from the garb of the crisis of Covid-19 Pandemic. We are consistently aiming to eradicate the root cause of rural poverty in India by going down deep into the core of the issues and providing all possible mechanisms to the victims of the crisis period.

Also, our social welfare NGO, Hindrise Foundation, has donated more than 11 lakh Rs. to Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund with the hope of getting a better tomorrow. In June, Hindrise Foundation donated ration to feed around 500 hunger-stricken families amidst the COVID-19 outbreak and is still adamant about removing rural poverty in India. We have proved to be a shock-observer of the chaos amidst the crisis.

Causes of Rural Poverty

India is said to live in villages, the term though confusing yet delivers the meaning very well, 70 percent of the population lives in the villages. The massive influx of people back to the villages due to the coronavirus crisis has burdened the economy. The rural areas, which were already under stress due to underemployment and unemployment, have further witnessed a decline in the agricultural sector’s investment over the years. Like demonetization and the gradual shift from agriculture to manufacturing production, some other factors contributed majorly to rural poverty in India. Due to these underlying factors, the scope of returning migrant laborers will be challenging, giving rise to a vast new side of poverty.

 Further looking into significant causes of rural poverty in India: 

  • Geographical factors- Geographical factors like unpredictable rain patterns in monsoons and other weather conditions impact massively the crop products and their yields that result in rural poverty in India.
  • Personal factors– Major factors like sickness, lack of nutrition from food, un-hygienic lifestyle have resulted in no work and no gain. This ultimately leads to rural poverty in India. Factors like laziness, addiction to alcohol, drugs, etc. have further added to this.
  • Economic factor– Rural India mostly depends upon agriculture for a living. But most of the farmers rely on traditional methods of agriculture. With this, the annual production is significantly less, leading to the agriculture sector, which is underdeveloped to provide employment, leading to rural poverty in India.
  • Population- Rapid increase in population leads to rural poverty in India. Much developed medical and healthcare facilities in India have reduced the overall death rate, but the birthrate is not under control with much effectiveness. Prominent families with limited resources have contributed to rural poverty in poverty.
  • Shocks and adversities- The chaos amidst Covid-19 has re-added to the already surviving issues of rural poverty in India.


COVID-19 is neither the first and nor shall be the last health crisis the world will face. Resilience to future problems depends on today’s actions on policies, institutions, and capacity during regular times. Together we can achieve the goal and vision of eradicating rural poverty in India.

Being a social welfare NGO in India, Hindrise Foundation is chalking out the complexities existing in several underdeveloped regions of Indian societies. It has taken a vow to serve the sufferers of this Pandemic with all the essential commodities that would help them live their life in a better way to maintain a decent standard. In the end, we would like to addon that victory against the COVID-19 Pandemic becomes a sure shot thing with the combined efforts of the people of India. Hindrise Foundation has carved a niche for itself by contributing selflessly to the social welfare of the migrant workers, vendors, low sectors, etc. We have done a splendid task in furtherance of diminishing the emerging issue of rural poverty in India.